“In Search of Childhood” – Poem by Brazilian Poet Anilda Leão


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Street Children - Sao Paulo - BrazilStreet Children in São Paulo – Brazil
Photo Credit: Devamor Amancio / ONG


October 12 is Children’s Day in Brazil. It’s a fun time for children across Brazil. On their special day, children receive toys from their parents and relatives. The day is celebrated with children parties, family outings, and special local events. It’s a day for families to share in the joys of childhood.

To commemorate Brazil’s Children’s Day, my Poetry Corner October 2014 features the poem “À Procura da Infância” (In Search of Childhood) by Brazilian poet Anilda Leão (1923-2012). Born in Maceió, capital of the Northeastern State of Alagoas, she grew up in a privileged middle-class family. Her father was a business owner and a respected politician in the 1940s and 1950s. Continue reading

Guyana: Forbes Burnham & My Grand Disillusion


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Late President Forbes Burnham - GuyanaLinden Forbes Sampson Burnham (1923-1985)
Prime Minister of Guyana, 1964-1980
President of the Cooperative Republic of Guyana, 1980-1985
Photo Credit: Guyana Graphic


Linden Forbes Sampson Burnham: an impressive name. In retaining his mother’s maiden name, Sampson, not a common practice in Guyana, he reveals a deep regard for her. With a father who was a schoolmaster and both parents devout Methodists, the young Forbes had a strict and upright upbringing.

The brilliant, young Forbes won the 1942 British Guiana Scholarship, the highest scholastic award at that time. Later, he excelled at the University of London, achieving a Bachelor of Laws (Honors) Degree.

When I first met Forbes Burnham, then a practicing lawyer and leader of a newly-formed political party, I was about four to five years old. I was at our next-door neighbor’s flat the day he came to pick up his order of black pudding. The charming, well-spoken, and elegantly dressed man left me in awe. Continue reading

Warfare: Remnant of our Barbaric Past?


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Lockheed Martin Joint Strike FighterGlobal Arms Sales
Photo Credit: The Guardian (Associated Press)


Beginning in August 2014 and as recent as Friday, October 3, four videos have been posted online purportedly showing the beheading of two American journalists and two British aid workers by hooded members of the new Islamic State (IS), a caliphate previously known as ISIS and ISIL. American and British leaders have termed these acts “barbaric.”

Are these publicly orchestrated executions intended to provoke the USA and Britain? If so, they have succeeded. The United States has now extended its war in the Middle East. A war without end. Continue reading

Brazil’s Stand at the UN 2014 Climate Summit


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Deforestation in the Amazon Rainforest - BrazilDeforestation in the Amazon Rainforest – Brazil
Photo Credit: Manchete Online


On September 23, over 900 leaders from government, business, finance, and civil society came together at the United Nations Headquarters in New York for the 2014 Climate Summit. Judging from the Summary of their most significant announcements, they issued more promises “to galvanize transformative action in all countries to reduce emissions and build resilience to the adverse impacts of climate change.”

Promises are easy. Following them through is another story.

The pledge to halve deforestation by 2020 and reach zero deforestation by 2030 is ambitious. Since trees release carbon when burned, such a move would secure an additional 4.5 to 8.8 billion tons of carbon yearly. This is equivalent to carbon emissions from one billion cars on the roads worldwide.
Continue reading

Guyana, Cheddi Jagan & the Cold War


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Cheddi and Janet Jagan - Wedding Photo - Chicago USA 1943Cheddi and Janet Jagan – Wedding Photo – Chicago/USA – 1943
Photo Credit: Cheddi Jagan Research Centre


On Saturday, at the People’s Climate Los Angeles – Building Blocks against Climate Change, I had the opportunity to chat with the leader of the small contingent from the Communist Party USA. I learned that he had visited Guyana in 1967.

In the 1960s, in what was then British Guiana, the Catholic Church had drilled the fear of communism into my young impressionable mind. Those were the days of the Cold War. With their dread of the Soviet Union and fear of another Cuba in their backyard, the US government covertly ousted from power Guyana’s populist East Indian leader, the Marxist Cheddi Jagan.

“I met Cheddi Jagan and his wife, Janet,” the white American male said with pride. Continue reading

The People’s Climate March 2014: Join the Global Weekend for Action


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People's Climate March - 20-21 September 2014


Has your life been changed by a record-breaking climatic event? Have you lost your home or means to support yourself and family because of climate change? Are you concerned about global warming and climate change? Are you frustrated with the inaction of our political and industrial leaders?

If you’ve answered “yes” to any of the above questions, here’s an opportunity to take action, to do your part. This coming weekend of September 20-21, 2014, let’s show up at the People’s Climate March in a city near us.

“The People’s Climate March is an invitation to anyone who’d like to prove to themselves, and to their children, that they give a damn about the biggest crisis our civilization has ever faced” said Bill McKibben, climate author and environmentalist turned activist, and co-founder of 350.ORG, a global climate movement.

In the United States, the major event will take place in New York City where the United Nations Climate Summit 2014 is scheduled for September 23. Heads of State and Government, together with leaders from business and civil society, are invited to announce significant and substantial initiatives to help move the world toward a path that will limit global warming (UN Press Release No. 6418 dated 11 August 2014).

“The race is on, and now is the time for leaders to step up and steer the world towards a safer future,” said UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.

Extreme climatic conditions affect all aspects of our lives: health, economy (jobs), education, and the security of our families. The longer we delay to build cleaner, low-carbon economies, the more expensive it will become. The number of people worldwide facing hunger and malnutrition will catapult.

Learn more about how we got here and the consequences of ignoring climate change. Watch the documentary film, Disruption, produced by 350.ORG and released on September 7, 2014.

Over 1,000 organizations have pledged support for the People’s Climate March; over 300 colleges and universities are expected to attend. The world will be watching. For information about events in or near your location, go to the People’s Climate website.

We need ACTION, not more words. Join the People’s Climate March.

Show up.

Is California the next Dust Bowl of America?


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 Map of the United States showing intensity of drought
California, on the west coast, shows intensities D3 & D4


According to data released on September 4, 2014, by the U.S. Drought Monitor, California, with an estimated population of over 38.3 million, leads the nation with 82 percent of the state facing extreme to exceptional drought. Water scarcity is dire in the Central Valley where half of America’s fruits and vegetables are grown.

On January 17, 2014, California’s State Governor Jerry Brown declared a drought State of Emergency. He called on all state officials to take every action necessary to prepare for water shortages. (Learn more at California Drought.) Continue reading

“Isaiah” – Poem by Jean “Binta” Breeze


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Dead Palestinian Children - Gaza - July 2014

Dead Palestinian Children – Gaza – July 2014
Photo Credit: Aanirfan Blogspot


In my Poetry Corner this month, in remembrance of over 500 Palestinian children who died in the 2014 Israeli-Palestinian 50-Day War, I feature the poem “Isaiah” by Jamaican dub poet Jean “Binta” Breeze. Her chosen African middle name ‘Binta’ means ‘close to the heart.’

Brought up by her grandparents, peasant farmers in the hills of rural Jamaica, Jean “Binta” Breeze lived as a Rastafarian – commonly known as Rasta in Jamaica – during the early years of her life.

Rooted in a blend of Ethiopian-Hebrew-Christian spirituality, Rastafarians worship Haile Selassie I, Emperor of Ethiopia (1930-1974), as their spiritual leader. They regard Ethiopia, considered the birthplace of humanity, as their Zion: a utopia of unity, peace, and freedom. In contrast, Babylon is the degenerate society of materialism, oppression, and sensual pleasures.

To commemorate the Millennium, BBC Radio invited Breeze, who lives in England since 1985, to contribute a poem for their live poetry event. Selecting the BBC’s Old Testament theme, Breeze portrays the prophet Isaiah as de rastaman who comes down from the mountains to remind Israel (equated with Babylon) of God’s plan and calls on them to remember what love mean.

For readers unfamiliar with the Old Testament, the prophet Isaiah was born around 765 B.C.E. In the year of King Uzziah’s death (733 B.C.E.), Isaiah received his prophetic mission to proclaim the fall of Israel and of Judah as punishment of the nation’s infidelity to God.

While Breeze’s poem was well-received by the British public, it was rejected for presentation at a 2005 Human Rights Watch (HRW) fund-raising event in London. The Middle East Department of the HRW New York Head Office censored the poem as “unsuitable and inappropriate” (57 Productions).

Rasta Prophet Isaiah breathe brimstone pon Babylon / Israel, you forget God plan. He calls out the sins of Israel:

Israel, yuh forget yuh God
Corruption mek yuh choose de bad
Wickedness defile yuh
De lust for blood done spoil yuh

[Note Breeze’s Caribbean Creole English and the Jamaican dub/reggae rhythm.]

Recalling the Holocaust, Rasta Prophet Isaiah tells the people of Israel that they should know better:

stop pushing others to where you’ve been
you of all should find genocide obscene

He warns them of God’s anger:

Israel be humble and prepare
God’s wrath is drawing near.

Inspired by recent events in Gaza, my Haiku poem “Israel” is a reflection on the nature of the God of Israel.

Read “Isaiah” and learn more about Jean “Binta” Breeze at my Poetry Corner September 2014.

Brazil’s Largest City Faces Worst Drought Since 1930


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Cantareira Reservoir - Aereal View - Sao Paulo - Brazil - February 2014

Level in Cantareira System falls to 18.2 percent
São Paulo – Brazil – February 2014
Photo Credit – Cenário MT


Brazil’s largest city of São Paulo and its Greater Metropolitan Area are running out of water. Due to its worse prolonged drought since 1930, the State’s complex Cantareira System of reservoirs is drying up. Managed by the Basic Sanitation Company of the State of São Paulo (Sabesp), the Cantareira System supplies water to 8.8 million residential and industrial clients.

Alarms sounded in summer. Rainfall in December 2013 was 72 percent below normal. Reductions continued in the New Year with 66 percent in January and 64 percent in February. Exceptionally high temperatures aggravated the situation. Continue reading

Guyana’s Forests Under Threat


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Bai Shan Lin Logging Concessions - Guyana

China’s Bai Shan Lin Forestry Projects in Guyana
Second World Congress on Timber & Wood Products Trade
China – November 2012
Photo Credit: Guyanese Online Blog


Since starting work on my second novel, I’m immersed in the rainforest of the northwest region of Guyana where the story unfolds. After watching the video of “Bai Shan Lin Aerial View of Massive Logging Exports,” posted on the Guyanese Online Blog, I was perplexed.

Just five years ago, Guyana had signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Norway agreeing to work towards Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD). To make this possible, Norway established the REDD+ Investment Fund with the commitment to provide Guyana with up to US$250 million by 2015. What had gone wrong? Continue reading


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